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Top Tips

What is ISO14001


The ISO 14000 environmental management standards exist to help organisations minimize how their operations negatively affect the environment. The major objective of the ISO 14000 series of norms is "to promote more effective and efficient environmental management in organisations and to provide useful and usable tools - ones that are cost effective, system-based, and flexible and reflect the best organisations and the best organisational practices available for gathering, interpreting and communicating environmentally relevant information"

This standard is applicable to any organization that wishes to:

- implement, maintain and improve an environmental management system

- assure itself of its conformance with its own stated environmental policy (those policy commitments of course must be made)

- demonstrate conformance

- ensure compliance with environmental laws and regulations

- make a self-determination of conformance


Constructing and registering an Environment Management System to the ISO 14001 standard will benefit you by

- Providing your company with assurance that you meet, and will continue to meet, your environmental management system commitments and corporate policy requirements.

- Providing potentially fewer surveillance visits from regulatory agencies.

- Showing your business partners, regulatory agencies, and community that you are environmentally responsible.

- Increasing competitiveness.

- Increasing profits through potential process improvements and energy conservation.

- Reducing your environmental liability

- Reducing costs as a result of potentially lower insurance rates

- Verifying your systems for recognising and complying with environmental laws and regulations.

- Improving relationships with regulators

- organisations that implement an ISO 14001 EMS often report improved relations with government regulatory agencies, find that regulators are quicker to provide technical support, and find that the regulators are much more supportive in general.

- Capturing institutional knowledge - ISO 14001 ensures this information is properly documented, communicated and retained. The cyclical nature of this management system further ensures all system information is reviewed and updated at least annually.

- Streamlining operations - organisations often realise monetary savings as a result of greater operational efficiency and energy conservation, and reduction in use of hazardous materials and generation of hazardous wastes.

- Increased awareness and participation

- organisations benefit from better communication about environmental issues inside and outside the organisation. ISO 14001 gives people an avenue to raise environmental issues and makes it clear that environmental performance is an important part of the corporate culture.

- Safety benefits – by reviewing the procedures for controlling significant operations, including a review of emergency preparedness and response procedures, organisations are able to identify and implement significant safety improvements

In the office and warehouse

Heating

- Ensure temperatures are set at no more than 19°C in office and teaching areas. Thermostatic radiator valves should be left at position 2-3, and they will modulate to maintain comfort levels.

- Keep doors and windows closed while heating is on. Open doors and windows allow heated air to escape and cold air to come in.

- Ensure radiators are not blocked with furniture; this affects the heat available to the room.

- Avoid heating unused spaces such as corridors and storerooms. These areas should be set to a lower temperature.

- Make sure that changes in building occupation hours are updated within the controls. Buildings may being heated during periods they are no longer occupied.

- Report any factors which affect comfort levels such as draughty windows and doors. A simple repair could save energy and improve user comfort.

- Install double glazing where possible as this helps to keep the office cool in the summer and warm in the winter.

- As much as 20% of your energy bill can be saved by effective loft insulation. Because heat rises, insulating a loft can be especially effective.


Lighting

- Switch off lights in empty rooms. It is a popular myth that it is cheaper to leave a light on.

- Use daylight where possible. It’s free and more pleasant than artificial light.

- Where rooms are dark, paint the walls white to enhance the natural light.

- Only use required lights.

- Use low wattage lights. Slim line fluorescent tubes can often be used as direct replacements for older tubes, and use 25% less electricity. Compact fluorescent bulbs use 80% less energy than a tungsten bulb and last ten times longer.

- Ensure outside lights are only on when required.

- Install motion sensory lighting so unused rooms are not lit up and wasting energy.

- Call your local power company for a site survey. They can often find extra opportunities to save.

- The installation of skylights in the warehouses further reduces the need for artificial lighting

- Ensure light is not obstructed and that windows are often cleaned, inside and out.

- Blinds should be left open and only used if necessary. Glare rarley effects the same part of a building all day.


Water

- Water recycling for washing trucks. The introduction of water cisterns enable high-priced drinking water to be substituted by rain water (which is free of charge)

- Keep taps screwed tightly to minimise drip waste.

- Employees washing at work should shorten their time spent showering.


Case Study - Campillo


Transportes Campillo SA followed various measures to reduce water usage at their plant.

Daily monitoring of the water meter, monthly and yearly recording of water consumption , inspection of the plumbing system, the purchase of a high-pressure truck washing system, installation of a drip watering system for the gardens outside the building, installation of toilets that use less water for flushing.

The consumption of drinking water was reduced by nearly 50%, reducing company costs by €800 per year


Packaging

Packaging reduction will ultimately lead to better economic performance, as well as being an advantage on the environment. Often packaging has already been optimised however its worth re-thinking the packaging policy for many products and adjust/retrofit to the newest technology. It may also be worth considering this activity as an additional and innovative service that logistics service providers could propose to their customers.

Case Study - Wal-Mart


Wal-Mart in the US urged their suppliers to reduce packaging and conserve natural resources. Through this initiative 667.000 metric tons of CO2 will be saved. About $11 billion are expected in savings from a 5% reduction in 10% of the global packaging industry.



Reuse & Recycle

- Reuse old wood pallets as fuel for warehousing heating.

- Paper, cardboard, electronic equipment etc can all be recycled.

- Offices are major consumers of high quality paper, 90% of which is thrown away. Make it common practise to buy recycled paper and envelopes, and print double sided to cut waste and lower disposal costs. Every 100 reams of recycled office paper printed double-sided saves two trees,

- Developing policies to ensure that where possible only those goods and materials, which can be manufactures, used, and disposed of in an environmentally friendly way are purchased. These policies can range from everyday plastic bottles to larger more substantial industry products.

- Replace paper towels in bathrooms with towels as to minimise waste.

- Radial tyre technology, with proper maintenance can run over 100,000km.

- Re-tradability is another option meaning tyres last for longer.

- Tyres can also be useful in energy production. Burning whole tyres in cement furnaces and power stations is becoming more popular overseas and particularly in Australia – with tyres producing more power than coal.

- Disposing/recycling items like computers, monitors, keyboards and florescent bulbs cans save money and can also be proposed as a service to third parties.


Energy

- The installation of rooftop solar panels or small wind turbines generates efficient, green energy.

- Old hand dryers are a large drain on electricity and money. Reduce your environmental carbon footprint and cost, while maintaining and improving hygiene standards with Eco-friendly hand dryers. (savortex.com)

- With the installation of alternative energy sources, e.g. solar photovolatic, solar hot water, wind, ground source heat pump and biomass systems, companies can save energy/heating in the office and warehouses.

Case Study - FedEx


FedEx, in 2009, installed the largest solar rooftop solar-electric system at is distribution hub in Woodbridge USA. It will pose as the 5th solar power project for FedEx.

Dimensions = 12,400 solar panels covering approximately 3.3 acres of roof space.

Once completed, 2.6 million KW-hours of energy are produced amounting to 30% of the hubs annual energy needs.

As part of the agreement BP installed and operate the solar power system and FedEx purchase the energy generated.

Environmental Benefits: 1,867 metric tons of CO2 emissions are reduced annually. That is the equivalent to:

- 259 households’ electricity burnt in 1 year.

- 13 acres of forest preserved from deforestation

- More than 340 passenger cars not driven in one year



In the Office

No matter how big or small the office, it’s important to get everyone involved in recycling initiatives. Assigning roles such as refilling printer toners, recycling cartridges and appliances or developing a paper sorting system are sure-fire ways to create a greener office environment.

For a quick fix, introducing plants into the office is also a smart move as they really can help to cleanse the air and brighten up dark spaces. From water powered calculators to Ecover cleaning products, the smallest of changes make a huge difference long term.

When buying new computer equipment for the office, remember that laptops are much more energy and materials efficient than desktop PC’s, making them more environmentally friendly. The same is true of filing systems – electronic copies reduce the amount of waste paper produced.


Out of the office

- Employee car car-pooling reduces the number of cars on the road, ultimately reducing co2 emissions. It also helps employees to save money as less fuel is consumed.

- Tips to improve car-pooling.

- Provide preferential parking for car-poolers.

- Actively match employees who live near one another.

- Circulate tips for effective and enjoyable carpools.

- Offer other incentives for car-poolers.

Case Study - Crest Nicholson


For Crest Nicholson, the need to balance the demands of employee benefit, cost effectiveness and sustainability has resulted in the introduction of a new and progressive environmental policy across its entire fleet of 230 company cars.

Research has shown that the most important factor for employees choosing a company car is still the amount of tax they pay, and so Crest Nicholson has implemented a maximum emissions cap of 195g/km across all its company-owned vehicles, but combined this with a unique incentivisation scheme that aims to encourage and reward the use of low emission vehicles across the Group.

In practice this means that car drivers will receive a 20% uplift to their allowance if they choose a car with CO2 emissions of 130g/km or less, enabling them to either spend 20% more when ordering a new car or receive the difference as a cash supplement. The 195g/km cap will be further reduced to 185g/km in November 2010, reflecting the necessity for companies to progressively improve environmental performance.

Any company car scheme needs to respond to the requirements and wishes of its employees, and so the previous restriction to diesel only cars has also been lifted, whilst the emissions cap for those receiving just a car allowance has been removed altogether. This ensures greater choice and flexibility for those that may still want a high performance vehicle, but combines it with a considerable incentive that encourages staff to think low carbon.

Fuel Efficiency

In this area specifically there are various possibilities to enhance both economic and environmental performance at the same time.

Thinking of logistics the most notable and well known is the driver education training. This refers to the Safe and Fuel Efficient Driving course, funded by the Department for Transport.

SAFED is a comprehensive one day ‘off the job’ driver development programme combining both theoretical and practical implementation of safe and fuel efficient driving techniques. It is generally delivered on a 2-1 ratio (2 drivers to 1 trainer).

Bonus systems to encourage drivers to drive safely and fuel efficiently.

Benefits include:

- Help reduce your fleets fuel consumption

- Legislative compliance meeting the Driver CPC regulations

- Reduce CO2 emissions

- Reduce driver stress

- Demonstrate investment in staff training

- Show commitment to corporate social responsibility and effective management.

- Contributes to the safety of both driver and goods generating savings in the form of lower insurance premiums.

Engine Idling

Excessive idling of HGV engines is a large waste of fuel and money. With modern vehicles, the cost of switching off the engine and starting up again is usually less than the cost of leaving the engine idling.

Aerodynamics:

A number of technologies are being developed which aim to improve the aerodynamics of vehicle trailers to reduce drag and fuel consumption.

Case Study - M&S


M&S has recently introduced a number of aerodynamically advanced teardrop trailers. In 2007/2008, these trailers achieved a 10% improvement in fuel efficiency and a 20% reduction in CO2 emissions per garment moved.

- 52%, of energy for the vehicle is used to overcome rolling resistance and a third 35%, to overcome aerodynamic drag.

- Vehicle technologies aimed at reducing rolling resistance and aerodynamic drag can therefore have a large impact on the vehicle fuel consumption.

CO2 benefit: Average of circa 10%, but varies with application and vehicle usage.

Costs: typical additional 3K cost.

Telematics

Telematics can provide information about performance that may be difficult to collect by other means. This data can identify mechanical problems or poor driving styles that can have a significant adverse effect on operating costs: excessive or deteriorating fuel consumption; over-revving within a gear; harsh breaking; gear changing at in-efficient revs; accelerator pedal pushed to the floor when accelerating.

Route planning

Enables a company to identify less profitable (or more costly) routes, whose planning can be optimised. Modern computer programmes, in addition with tracking and tracing technology and reporting schemes., are able to calculate the best solutions and the best routes. Identifying a non-profitable route is the first step to amending the situation. Here software can also help, but often a forwarder will need to look for solutions without the help of management software, once the problem is identified (e.g. find new customers to decrease empty running).

Consolidation of Cargo

It increases logistics service providers’ revenues whilst offering lower costs to shippers and providing environmental advantages to all.

Inter-modal solutions

Can bring great benefits, because they combine the best various modes of transport, possibly to improve overall performance. When shipping goods from A to B it is advisable to look for alternative solutions and compare them, Cargo-solv.com calculator will help you accomplish this. Not only can fuel efficiency be the result but reduced greenhouse gas emissions and new geographical shortcuts in the trips can be created.

LKW Walter pride themselves on “having shifted from road transport to ‘rail’ and ‘short sea’ carriers, they make a considerable contribution to the reduction of polluting emissions, in particular greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

Transporting freight by canal

Freight deliveries by canal are up to 80% lower carbon emissions than normal road freight.

Tesco have taken advantage of this and transport their scheme will run along the Manchester ship canal from Liverpool to Manchester.

As a result 50 lorries will be off the road each week, resulting in 1.1 million KM less lorry journeys on British roads.

This particular initiative is effective on London waterways.

Rolling Resistance:

Low Rolling Resistance tyres: Incorporation of sillica into tyre design to reduce rolling resistance but maintain grip.

Single Wide Tyres: Replacing standard two thinner wheels with single wide base tyre Automatic Pressure Adjustment: Maintains correct tyre pressure for saftey and to reduce fuel consumption.

CO2 Benefit: Achievable co2 benefit depends on the number of tyres replace but trials suggest 5% possible.

Costs:No additional cost although life span may be reduced

Case Study - John Mitchell

John Mitchell invested in driver training, anti-idling policy and aerodynamics specification in their bid to reduce the running costs of its fleet and their annual CO2 emissions.

John Mitchell operates a 3-acre haulage depot on Earls Rd in Grangemouth. The haulage fleet has 105 tractor units and 220 trailers, with an estimated 7 million miles covered annually and 145 staff.

The sectors in which the company currently operates are road haulage – specialising in containers, chemicals and timber; Storage – general warehousing, container storage and specialist handling.

John Mitchell began investing in SAFED equivalent driving in 2007 and now have their own Driver-trainer who all 100 + drivers and some subcontractors have been trained by. The instructer demonstrates some of the basic SAFED including:

- Clutch control, Cruise control, Exhaust brake, Forward planning and Gear selection.

These techniques corresponded to over a 7% improvement in overall fuel consumption with no significant rise in journey time

  Before training After training Saving
Mileage per year 7,000,000 7,000,000 -
MPG 6.5 7.0 7%
Gallons per year 1,076,923 1,001.538 7%
Litres per Year 4,895,692 4,553,081 7%
Annual cost (based on £0.80/liter £3,916,554 £3,642,465 £274,089
CO2 (at 2.63kg/litre [Defra]) 12,876t 11,975t 7%
ANTI IDLING

Prior to implementing the Anti-idling Campaign John Mitchell used onboard telematics to monitor idling time of the vehicles. It was found that idling accounted for 15% of a vehicles daily stationary time.

Typically driver would start the truck in the morning to heat the cab and then grab a coffee before their shift begun. Drivers were encouraged to use their overnight heaters in between collections and deliveries.

By implementing an ati-idling campaign through memos, leaflets and driver briefings idling time has dropped over 50%, with it now only accounting for 7% of all standing time.

Weekly saving £700
Cost saving 50
Litres (based on £0.80 / litre £35,000
CO2 (at 2.63kg / litre [Defra]) 43,750
Litres per Year 4,895,692
Annual cost (based on £0.80/liter £3,916,554
CO2 (at 2.63kg/litre [Defra])  
AERODYNAMICS:

JAerodynamic drag is the force that opposes the vehicles motion. Vehicle shape, frontal area and speed affect it.

John Mitchell Ltd has been at the forefron of investing in aerodynamic packages for its vehicle. Cab roof deflectors, side-edge turning vanes, front bumper air dams and cab side edge fairing for tractor units are all commonplace on the fleet.

An average cost for a tractor to be specified with full aerodynamic packages is £750. John Mitchell believe their payback period for the initial investment comes within the first year of the truck’s life.

  Without aerodynamic specification With aerodynamic specification Saving
Mileage (per annum) 7,000,000 7,000,000 -
MPG 5.96 (est) 6.5 9%
Gallons per year 1,174,496 1,076,923 9%
Litres per Year 5,3339,262 4,895,692 95
Annual cost (based on £0.80/liter £4,271,410 £3,916,554 £354,856 (est.)
CO2 (at 2.63kg/litre [Defra]) 14,042t 12,876t 9%
TOTALS:
  Cost / Outlay £ Litres of diesel saved per annum Average % improvement in MPG CO2 Savings per annum Cost Savings
SAFED Equivalent Driver Instruction On the job interaction plus Driver-trainer time 342,698 7% 901t £274,159
Anti-idling Campaign Driver briefing and Memo 43,750 - 115t £35,000
Aerodynamics Investment £75,000 (£750 per vehicle) 443,570 (est.) 9% (est.) 1,166t (est.) £354,856 (est.)
TOTALS £100,000 (less than £1,000 per vehicle / driver) 830,018 - 2,182t £664,015

This case study shows how not only your bottom line can improve, but also have a beneficial reduction in your CO2 emissions.

Freight Exchange

It is not widely known that around one third of goods vehicles in the UK are making empty or partly empty return trips from their delivery destinations. Advertising or finding a return load (back-load) through haulage exchange professional operators can advertise scheduled vehicle movements to a wide audience of transport professionals which will ultimatley reduce the number of empty good vehicle journeys made. With fuller loads, fewer trips will inevitably be made and so less CO2 emissions will be emitted.

Other benefits include; enhanced communication with new trading partners, streamlined communication and reduced carbon footprint.

Find out more

EURO 5 engines:

Still Lower Emissions from Road Transports

Heavy vehicle emissions (NOx, CO, HC and particles) have been regulated by the UN and the EU since 1985 through type approval requirements for trucks.

The central element of these regulations is ever stricter maximum emission standards for trucks. Implemented on the 1st of October 2009, all trucks registered for the first time must meet the emission standards of the so-called Euronorm 5, which will be further tightened to Euronorm 6 from the end of 2012.

UPDATING TECHNOLOGY:

DSV makes ongoing efforts to reduce the environmental impact from its operations. The air pollution from DSV's road transports is one of the major causes of this impact. By focusing on the purchase of new trucks and better utilisation of equipment and fuel, DSV has reduced its CO2 emission by 23% and its NOx emission by more than 24% in terms of grams per kilometre driven since 2005.

DSV ensure that where possible they operate Euro 5 engine’s and where possible, specify their sub-contractors use of Euro 5 engines.

Again it can be seen that a reduction in fuel usage can not only improve your bottom line but significantly enhance the environment.

Calculating your companies carbon footprint

CALCULATE YOUR CARBON EMISSIONS:

‘You can’t manage what you don’t measure’

Below is Freight best practice document, published by the Department of Transport. Its purpose is to promote operational efficiency and reduce environmental impact within freight operations.

Freight best practice document

When evaluating facilities and vehicles, energy consumption data can help find energy sources of energy waste, e.g. electrical equipment, which uses energy just by being on standby mode. The identifying of a carbon footprint is an important factor for conducting any kind of ‘green businesses. There are a number of benefits of doing so:

- Attracting more customers. Customers are becoming increasingly aware of the environmental impact of the goods and services they use. Working with Cargo-solv.com by demonstrating a lower footprint than competitor products can deliver competitive advantage.

- Brand identity. Reporting your carbon footprints shows that your organisation takes its social responsibility seriousley.

- Leadership. Identifying your carbon footprints will support your corporate responsibility programme and enhance your reputation.

- Cost savings. ‘You can’t manage what you don’t measure’ is a common term amongst the environmental world. Identifying areas where greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced often results in cost savings – in terms of transport energy, waste and packaging for example.

- Emissions savings. Looking at the whole company’s operations could help you identify savings.

- Engage with stakeholders. You can use the analysis of your product/service’s carbon footprint to develop better relationships with your stakeholder

Integrate carbon into decision making.

Cut Carbon footprint &Reduce costs with the carbon trust.

Alternative fuel vehicles:

There are many pro’s and cons when deciding whether to use alternative fuel vans and lorries.

Advantages and disadvantages of different fuels

The UK government has committed itself to reducing the amount of greenhouse gases being released into the atmosphere. Using alternative fuels in your company can help to meet this objective and improve your Corporate Social Responsibility performance and 'green' credentials with your customers.

There are several alternative fuels to consider.

 

Diesel

Advantage:

- Most fuel efficient and has the widest refuelling network

Disadvantages:

- May perform less well on local air quality than other fuel types, depending on the Euro Standard of the engine

- Slightly higher CO2 emissions per litre than petrol

Petrol

Advantage:

- produces less particulate matter than a diesel engine - unless the diesel is fitted with a diesel particulate filter

- Petrol containing up to five per cent ethanol - ie a renewable energy source - is available

- Engines are generally cheaper to buy than diesel engines

- Petrol is cheaper than diesel depending on the mileage

Disadvantages:

- Higher fuel consumption than for equivalent diesel option

- Petrol-engined heavy goods vehicles are not widely available

Compressed natural gas (CNG)

Advantage:

- Performs well in relation to local air quality

- On-site storage is an option if your vehicles return to base every night

- Currently cheaper than diesel or petrol

Disadvantages:

- needs a bulky pressurised fuel tank

- Operating range is limited compared to a similar sized diesel tank

- Refuelling takes a relatively long time

- Not widely available at fuel stations

Liquefied natural gas (LNG)

Advantage:

- performs well in relation to local air quality

- On-site storage is an option if your vehicles return to base every night

- Currently cheaper than diesel and petrol

- Has a greater range than CNG for a similar sized fuel tank

Disadvantages:

- Needs a heavy insulated fuel tank

- The operating range is limited compared to a similar sized diesel tank

- Not widely available at fuel stations

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)

Advantage:

- Performs well in relation to local air quality and is mostly free of particulates

- Emits less CO2 than petrol vehicles

- Currently cheaper than diesel and petrol

- More widely available than CNG or LNG - there are around 1,300 public access LPG filling stations in the UK

- Uses a by-product of oil extraction that in the past would have otherwise been flared off

- Generally lower engine noise

Disadvantages:

- Needs a heavy pressurised tank - but not as strong as higher pressure CNG

- Fuel consumption tends to be higher than diesel

Biodiesel

Advantage:

- The higher the amount of diesel in the mix derived from renewable sources, the less use of fossil fuels is required and the cheaper the fuel

- Currently slightly cheaper than standard diesel

- Diversifies the source of fuel, giving you energy security

Disadvantages:

- No reduction in CO2 emissions or improvement in local air quality

- Most engine warranties are invalid if used with mixes of over five per cent

THE BENEFITS OF OPERATING ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT

What Are Electric Vehicles?

They use an on-board battery supply to power electric motor propulsion. Unlike diesel and hybrid vehicles they rely entirely on mains electricity.

How do they work?

They do not yet posses the technology to be charged from your everyday household mains electricity supply. Future designs may be different. They operate; regenerative breaking’ which means as an electric vehicle brakes, the energy created can be passed back to the battery.

With an electric motor there is no need to change gear – the harder you press the pedal the faster the motor travels.

Electric vehicles have a larger torque than diesel engines, even at full weight and so accelerate faster. This, combined with no need for gear changes ensures that operations in the urban environment is comparable and at times even better than diesel equivalents.

A full overnight charge supplies 100 miles of travel or 10 hours of use.

Benefits

Cost benefits =

- Zero Vehicle Excise Duty (VED)

- No yearly MOT, Tachograph or Operating Licence for 7.5 GVW

- Potential for reduced maintenance through fewer mechanical parts.

Operating benefits =

- Travel up to 70 mph

- Faster acceleration in traffic

- No gear changes – perfect for stop-start applications. Fewer gear changes and clutch movement’s equals less stress and fatigue for drivers.

- Ideal for multi drop as range of 100 miles, but may not be suited to inter-urban working.

- Zero emissions at point of use

- Lower CO2 emissions overall – electricity from the National Grid has a cleaner make-up.

- Many components are 100% recyclable.

- Quiet running vehicles – which may be a benefit for operating in noise – restricted areas.

Costs

There are now 4,000 registered electrical vans in the UK. They are still relatively new within their development cycle.

- Higher purchase price.

- Emissions are associated with electricity generation at source and not at point of use (o.537 kg CO2/kWh, as per DEFRA National Grid rolling average [2008]). However utilising renewable sources may negotiate this

- Uncertainty over depreciation of vehicle values, with nominal residual values common.

- Potential of reduced operating range in cold weather

- Manufacturers warranties can vary.

In 2007 TNT launched a carbon emission reduction programme, Planet ME, where they set themselves the challenge to become the first zero emission mail and express delivery company.

In 2007 they ordered 100 7.5 tonne Smith Newton delivery trucks. They will replace diesel vehicles inner city and once all in place TNT believe they will reduce the companies CO2 emissions by 1,300 tonnes annually.

Overnight charging allows vehicles to ‘trickle charge’, while being loaded and unloaded, with full charge achieving approximately 8 hours. The batteries can be partially charged halfway through the day or fully charged without affecting the overall performance. They also cannot be overcharged by leaving plugs attached longer than one night.

Vehicles are exempt from tachograph laws but have been fitted with digital tachographs by TNT in order to monitor driver performance and keep within drivers’ hours and Working Time Directive regulations.

  TNT Electric Vehicle 7.5 tonne Diesel Equivalent
Vehicle Excise Duty Nil £165 per year
Weekly Fuel Cost £30 off peak electricity ££150 diesel
Maximum speed 50mph 56mph (limited)
Range 85 miles 250 + miles
Tachograph Exempt Yes No
Gear changes None Up to 400 per day
Driver comfort. Very Quiet Normal operation

Concluding comments

Electric vehicles are becoming a realistic solution in urban areas to the problems faced by the Transport Freight sector, such as:

- Volatile fuel prices

- Carbon emissions associated with operations

- Concerns of long term supply of fossil fuel

Freight providers currently featured on Cargo-solv: